a superpower: une superpuissance
the world’s leading power: la première puissance mondiale
a summit: un sommet
the un: les Nations unies
talks : des pourparlers
negotiations : des négociations
interference : l’ingérence
a deterrent: un moyen de dissuasion
to threaten: menacer
to invade: envahir
to defeat sb: vaincre qqn
developed countries: les pays développés
developing countries: les pays en voie de développement
a multinational: une multinationale
trade / trading: les échanges commerciaux
free trade: le libre-échange
fair trade: le commerce équitable
affluence : l’abondance
scarcity: le manque, la pénurie
drought: la sécheresse
humanitarian aid: l’aide humanitaire
a project: un projet
a scheme: un programme
a well: un puits
food supplies: des vivres
an ngo: une ong
Doctors without Borders: Médecins sans frontières
to starve to death: mourir de faim
to dispatch goods: expédier des marchandises
to send relief to: envoyer des secours, de l’aide à
Bonjour, je passe mon oral dans un peu plus d'une semaine, et j'aimerai avoir vos conseils/corrections pour ma notion, car j'imagine qu'il reste encore des fautes...
Le thème est espace est échange
Merci d'avance !!
In order to present the notion spaces and exchanges, we're gonna ask ourselves if the american dream is still alive, and beyond it, what attracts immigrants to go to the USA. First, let us define the American Dream : it's the fact that everybody believes that American social, economic and political system makes success possible for every individual, and that the United States is very welcoming for every individual.Then, we can define the notion of exchanges like the act of giving or receiving something in substitution for something else. In our case, we're gonna talk about the exchange of people, as part of the immigration between different spaces. A space represents deals with the geographical and symbolic areas that all societies occupy and the interactions between men and different societies.Thus, we're gonna firstly notice the reasons which push immigrants to go to the USA, and we're then gonna constater if the American Dream is only an illusion.
I-Reasons to go to the usa
First of all, we're gonna tackle the reason which pushed the first immigrants to leave their country. In order to do it, let's use the picture "Pymouth Rock". It represents the first setlers : the Pilgrims, a group of Puritans who left Plymouth so as to flee religious persecutions. They wanted to leave somewhere where they could be able to practice freely their religion. But when they are about to berth, they look taken aback because the indians are building a wooden wall to prevent illegal migrants from entering the country. The Pilgrim's came in America to have a decent life, where they could be free.
II-A dream : illusion
Now that we know the reasons which pushed the Pilgrims, and which push currently the immigrants to leave their country, we are gonna notice that the American Dream is only an illusion. To do it, we can use the picture "Louisville Flood". Even if the afro-americans did'nt come to America by pleasure, but because of the slavery, they are in the same case that those who came now from Mexico, Syrial... This picture is based on a contrast between the first ground and the background. In the foreground, there are black people, wainting for some food after the terrible flood. Already on the fringe of society after the Great Depression, they plunged into poverty after the flood. What is ironical, and shocking here is that they are standing in front of a billboard that promotes American way of life, wich refers to the American dream. The family represents represents the WASP, lead a comfortable life, where eveything is consumption. There is a huge gap between the two groups. It underlines the discrepancy between the ideals of the nation stated, and the grim reality : some groups of people are lefts out, exluded from society. So, this photo debunks the myth that eveyone in the US has access to a high standard of living.
Finally, we can end with the idea that America welcomes every single person with open arms is wrong. To justify that, let's use the drawing "An alien", on whom we can see a stereotyped police officer, who sounds contemptuous and racist, who pulled over the statue of liberty just because of her skin color. This picture enable us to encounter the seamy side of the American dream : full of racism and predjudice whereas the immigrants, who are poverty stricken, are just fleeing a life of misery in their country. They hope to be able to succeed, persuaded that the a dream is real, and considering America as a land of opportunity, with no social barriers.
To put in a nutshell, we saw that the idea of the A dream was still present in the mind of people, but this idea is wrong, and the USA is a country where there are huge disparities.
Moreover, currently, we can ask oursleves is the American dream is not turning in "European Dream", even if Europe is not very opening to the immigrants too.